Browsing by Author "Cohen, Joanna E."
Biomarkers of Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Waterpipe Tobacco Venue Employees in Istanbul Moscow and Cairo Authors:Moon, Katherine A.; Rule, Ana M.; Magid, Hoda; Ferguson, Jacqueline; Susan, Jolie; Sun, Zhuolu; Torrey, Christine; Abubaker, Salahaddin; Levshin, Vladimir; Çarkoğlu, Aslı; Radwan, Ghada Nasr; El-Rabbat, Maha; Cohen, Joanna E.; Strickland, Paul; Breysse, Patrick N.; Navas-Acien, Ana
Publisher and Date:(Oxford University Press, 2018)Background: Most smoke-free legislation to reduce secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure exempts waterpipe (hookah) smoking venues. Few studies have examined SHS exposure in waterpipe venues and their employees. Methods: We surveyed 276 employees of 46 waterpipe tobacco venues in Istanbul Moscow and Cairo. We interviewed venue managers and employees and collected biological samples from employees to measure exhaled carbon monoxide (CO) hair nicotine saliva cotinine urine cotinine urine 4-(methylnitrosa ...
Authors:Navas-Acien, Ana; Çarkoğlu, Aslı; Ergör, Gül; Hayran, Mutlu; Ergüder, Toker; Kaplan, Bekir; Susan, Jolie; Magid, Hoda; Pollak, Jonathan; Cohen, Joanna E.
Publisher and Date:(World Health Organization, 2016)ObjectiveTo investigate public compliance with legislation to prohibit smoking within public buildings and the extent of tobacco smoking in outdoor areas in Turkey. Methods Using a standardized observation protocol we determined whether smoking occurred and whether ashtrays cigarette butts and/or no-smoking signs were present in a random selection of 884 public venues in 12 cities in Turkey. We visited indoor and outdoor locations in bars/nightclubs cafes government buildings hospitals restaurants ...
Evaluation of Secondhand Smoke Using PM2.5 and Observations in a Random Stratified Sample in Hospitality Venues from 12 Cities Authors:Kaplan, Bekir; Çarkoğlu, Aslı; Ergör, Gül; Hayran, Mutlu; Sureda, Xisca; Cohen, Joanna E.; Navas-Acien, Ana
Publisher and Date:(MDPI, 2019)Background: Turkey passed a law banning smoking in all indoor public places in 2008. In response to the indoor smoking restriction many smokers may have relocated to outdoor areas of venues. The aim of this study was to evaluate air pollution related to SHS exposure in indoor and outdoor areas of hospitality venues in 12 cities in Turkey. Method: In this cross-sectional study we evaluated hospitality venues in 12 cities in Turkey. In each visited venue we evaluated a pre-specified number of study ...
Factors that influence attitude and enforcement of the smoke-free law in Turkey: a survey of hospitality venue owners and employees Authors:Aherrera, Angela; Çarkoğlu, Aslı; Hayran, Mutlu; Ergör, Gül; Ergüder, Toker; Kaplan, Bekir; Susan, Jolie; Zheng, Laura; Cohen, Joanna E.; Navas-Acien, Ana
Publisher and Date:(Bmj Publishing Group, 2017)Introduction In 2009 Turkey extended the smoke-free legislation to hospitality venues. Compliance however remains low in some hospitality venues. We identified characteristics associated with knowledge of health effects that can be prevented by the smoke-free law the attitude towards and enforcement of the law. Methods In 2014 we conducted 400 interviews with hospitality venue owners and employees in 7 cities in Turkey. The venues were identified based on a random sampling strategy in a previous ...
Authors:Kaplan, Bekir; Grau-Perez, Maria; Çarkoğlu, Aslı; Ergör, Gül; Hayran, Mutlu; Navas-Acien, Ana; Cohen, Joanna E.
Publisher and Date:(Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science, 2019)Significance: Secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) exposure is a major cause of morbidity and mortality around the world. The objective of this study was to evaluate the presence of smoking in outdoor areas of public places in three largest Turkish cities (Istanbul Ankara and Izmir). Method: For this cross-sectional observational study the Turkish Statistical Institute randomly selected 10 sampling points in each city. Around each sampling point fieldworkers visited the closest bars/nightclubs cafes ...