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  • The role of trade and FDI for CO 2 emissions in Turkey: Nonlinear relationships 

    Authors:Haug, Alfred Albert; Ucal, Meltem Şengün
    Publisher and Date:(Elsevier, 2019)
    This paper examines the effects of foreign trade and foreign direct investment (FDI) on CO 2 emissions in Turkey. We consider linear and nonlinear ARDL models and find significant asymmetric effects of exports imports and FDI on CO 2 emissions per capita. However FDI has no statistically significant long-run effects. In the long run decreases in exports reduce CO 2 emissions per capita but increases in exports have no statistically significant effects. Increases in imports push up CO 2 emissions ...