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Double branch outage modeling and its solution using differential evolution method
Power system operators need to check the system security by contingency analysis which requires power flow solutions repeatedly. AC power flow is computationally slow even for a moderately sized system. Thus fast and ...
Electromagnetic interactions of heavy ions at small impact parameters and lepton pair productions
(Institute of Physics Publishing, 2011)
In peripheral collisions the strong electromagnetic fields are produced since the fully stripped heavy ions moves at ultra-relativistic velocities. Lepton pairs especially the electron-positron pairs are the result of this ...