Enez Ayasofya kilisesi (Fatih camisi)'nde kullanılan yapı malzemesinin analizi ve konservasyon yontemleri
Eski cağ'da Ainos adini taşıyan Enez Ege Denizi'nin kuzey sahilinde Meriç Nehrinin denize kavuştuğu alanda denizden 25 m yükseklikte kalker bir yarımadanın üzerinde kurulmuştur. Ainos Eski Çağ'da Kuzey Ege kiyilarinda korunaklı limanlari oldugundan bolgesehirleri arasinda buyuk bir önem taşiyordu. Ticaret yollarina sahip olmasi ve zengin hinterlandi sayesinde zenginlesen Ainosta cesitli donemlere ait yapi kalintilari bulunmaktadir.Ancient Ainos, today known as Enez, is located to on a calcareous peninsula, 25 meters above the sea level on the northern Aegean shore where the Meriç river flows into the Aegean sea. Ainos became one of the most important and prosperous ancient city in this region by taking the advantage of its well protected harbours, location on trade routes and rich hinterland. There are various architectural structures dating different periods in Ainos. Among them, partially survived Haghia Sophia Church (Fatih Mosque) is an important example with its architectural features and elaborate workmanship. The church was built on the 12 th century and converted to a mosque by Ottomans after the conquest of Enez. The general characteristics of its masonry is of particular importance as an example of Middle Byzantine architecture. The deterioration process of the stones and bricks of its walls is examined through laboratory analyses and suggestions for the future conservation are investigated in this research.This study provided a fact of authentication for Enez Hagia Sophia Church which was in ruins and forsaken however, the properties of stones and bricks are determined which will be used for the restoration and conservation studies and the suggestions for the restoration and protection is given.The study is comprised of six chapters. In the first chapter, research subject is introduced and the aim of this study is explained. The historical and geographic features of Enez region is shortly presented in the second chapter. The third chapter is consisted of information about the history of church, the architectural arrangements of Byzantine churches, the architectural features of west, east, north and south facades of Haghia Sophia, inner decoration, previous restoration applications of the structure. Besides, the original masonry of the structure is attempted to be determined. The deterioration causes of the stones and bricks are investigated and the corruptions in the structure are determined in the fourth chapter. The building structure samples which are taken from the structure and the quarries around Enez region are compared with the physical and physco-mechanical analysis in the fifth chapter. The physical, chemical, and mechanical properties of the stones and bricks are determined and the similarities are investigated with fretting experiments to the samples which are taken from the quarriers. In the sixth chapter, after the analysis, it is suggested to use the analysed meterials for the conservation and restoration of the structure.In conclusion chapter, the results of analyses are discussed. On the basis of the characterization of the stones and bricks, and those analyses, suggestions for the conservation and restoration works are presented.
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