RuralUrban Mobilities in Turkey: Socio-spatial Perspectives on Migration and Return Movements
Based on original data this article discusses ruralurban mobilities and the contemporary employmentmigration relationship. Starting with the observation of reduced rural population but maintained family-farm numbers it engages with multiple issues including rural employment the process of urban migration settlement in the city the relation of migrants to the rurality and (return) counter-migration. It supports the thesis that migration is not so much about a movement from one place to another' the classical migration definition and more about a coupling of practices (related to mobilities residence employment etc.) with places over time. Thus migration and counter-migration are conceptualized as socio-spatial strategies conceptualized as multi-place living' or dual life' which are based on variable engagements with rural farming urban wage labour and return movements (for retirement refuge etc.). The newly emergent and growing dual/multi-place structures that result from this are re-shaping village life in particular expressed in various ways such as in a changing village demography and function.