Channel Modeling for Visible Light Communications
In this chapter, we present a novel and realistic channel modeling approach for visible light communications that overcomes the limitations of previous works. In our work, we consider wavelength dependency, effect of realistic light sources as well as different types of reflections such as specular and mixed cases of diffuse and specular. We use nonsequential ray tracing algorithms to calculate the detected power and path lengths from source to detector for each ray. These are then processed to yield the channel impulse responses for various indoor environments. We further present a channel characterization study where channel parameters such as channel DC gain, root mean square delay spread, coherence bandwidth, mean excess delay are calculated for different environments.