Now showing items 1-20 of 25

  • A Farewell to King Coal: Geopolitics, Energy Security, and the Transition to Oil, 1898–1917 

    Authors:Ediger, Volkan S.; Bowlus, John V.
    Publisher and Date:(Cambridge Univ Press, 2019)
    Interest in energy transitions has accelerated in recent years due to rising concerns about global warming and resource scarcity but the drivers of these phenomena are not well understood. To date scholars have primarily focused on commercial and technological factors highlighting that oil was 'better' than coal - more powerful cheaper cleaner and more practical to use - and that the internal combustion engine made it more advantageous to use in transportation. Yet oil was also a strategic commodity ...

  • A historical assessment of Turkey's natural gas import vulnerability 

    Authors:Berk, Istemi; Ediger, Volkan S.
    Publisher and Date:(Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd, 2018)
    This article aims at evaluating the historical determinants and implications of Turkey's natural gas import dependency. We implement principle component analysis (PCA) methodology to construct a natural gas import vulnerability index (NGIVI) for the period between 1986 and 2014 using five factors: (1) the share of natural gas in primary energy consumption (2) the share of natural gas in primary energy imports (3) the non-diversification of natural gas import sources (4) the share of LNG in total ...

  • An assessment of mining efficiency in Turkish lignite industry 

    Authors:Ediger, Volkan S.; Berk, Istemi; Ersoy, Mucella
    Publisher and Date:(Elsevier Science, 2015)
    This article focuses on the mining activities of Turkish Coal Enterprises (TKI) the major lignite supplier in Turkey. First we analyzed the lignite production and overburden removal activities of TKI from a historical perspective and then employed the Principle Component Analysis to build a mining efficiency index of TKI and investigated its historical development since the establishment of the company. We found that labor productivity and operational structure have been the most important factors ...

  • Energy in Turkey and Russia's Roller-Coaster Relationship 

    Authors:Ediger, Volkan S.; Durmaz, Duygu
    Publisher and Date:(Seta Foundation, 2017)
    Energy relations between Turkey and Russia provide an excellent example of how energy and politics interrelate in countries with a historically up-and-down relationship. Having started in the 1960s the two countries' energy relations gained a new dimension after 1991 with the intensification of pipeline politics. In the 2000s energy relations gained impetus owing to the leadership of Erdogan and Putin and reached an apex with the establishment of a cooperation council in 2010. Since 2011 Turkey's ...

  • Enerji Jeopolitiğinin Uluslararası İklim Değişikliği Girişimleri Üzerindeki Etkisi 

    Genel olarak iklim değişikliği girişimleri ile enerji jeopolitiği arasındaki ilişkinin analiz edildiği bu makalede, başta petrol fiyatlarındaki artışlar olmak üzere, enerji jeopolitiğindeki gelişmeler, 1965-2014 arasında enerji jeopolitiğinin şiddetlendiği ve durağanlaştığı dönemlere ayrılarak, tarihsel bakış açısıyla incelenmiştir. Özel olarak, Kyoto Protokolü gibi iklim değişikliğinin önlenmesi konusunda yükümlülük getirmesi bakımından önemli bir anlaşma olarak kabul edilen uluslararası ...

  • Europeanization under Membership Uncertainty: The Cases of Environmental and Energy Policy in Turkey 

    This article examines modalities of rule adoption from the EU's acquis communautaire under conditions of membership uncertainty Drawing upon the case of Turkey we probe into the viability of a policy-type approach (drawing upon Theodor Lowi). Our main contention is that the substantive design of policies (distributive or redistributive qualities) has consequential implications for the form (conflict-free vs. veto player constellations) and outcome (transposition likelihood) of the subsequent ...

  • Forecasting the Coal Production: Hubbert Curve Application on Turkey's Lignite Fields 

    Authors:Berk, Istemi; Ediger, Volkan S.
    Publisher and Date:(Elsevier Science, 2016)
    The dependence on imported energy sources is one of the biggest challenges that Turkey and many other similar countries face in the 21st Century and the gap between production and consumption cannot be decreased without increasing the domestic production. Forecasting of domestic energy production therefore plays a vital role in order to be able to develop sound energy policies towards maintaining sustainable development. However although this question is essential in this respect especially for ...

  • Geopolitics and gas-transit security through pipelines 

    Hydrocarbons are valuable only if they can be transited from where they are produced to where they are consumed. Despite the enduring importance of transit to the global energy system, the topic did not begin to be extensively analyzed until contentious relations between Russia and Ukraine disrupted natural gas flows to Europe in 2006. This chapter examines the geopolitics and security of transiting gas through pipelines by exploring the connection between geography, global energy strategies, and ...

  • Geopolitics of oil & gas 

    Authors:Ediger, Volkan S.
    Publisher and Date:(Energy Institute, 2014)

  • Geostrategic challenges in the oil and gas sectors 

    This chapter identifies the major geostrategic challenges that have emerged during the last two decades and assesses their implications for the global oil and gas sectors. The historical development of oil prices shows that there have been two major periods of volatility 1973-1986 and 1998-present each of which was preceded by two relatively stable periods. The two oil price shocks of the 1970s that were triggered by geopolitical events had long-term effects on global politics and economics. Major ...

  • Greasing the wheels: the Berlin-Baghdad railway and Ottoman oil, 1888?1907 

    In the 1880s, Germany cultivated an alliance with the Ottoman Empire that led to a concession to build one of history?s most storied, diplomatically contentious, and financially challenging infrastructure projects: the Berlin-Baghdad Railroad. While Germany had many goals in pursuing the project, oil was the only way to make the railroad economic. Drawing on Ottoman archival sources, this article examines the policies and strategies of Sultan Abd?lhamid II in relation to Germany?s attempt to develop ...

  • Importance of LNG in Turkish natural gas supply security / LNG'nin Türkiye doğalgaz arz güvenliğindeki önemi 

    Authors:Alkan, Mehmet Batuhan
    Publisher and Date:(Kadir Has University, 2019)
    The Natural Gas has been increasing its share of usage day by day due to the technologic developments, low carbon emission, increasing natural gas reserve in the fossil-based energy market. Nowadays, the share of natural gas in the total energy mix is 24%. Hence, the natural gas has been seen as a transaction source because the countries are in the aim of zero carbon emission. LNG is the most increasing product in the natural gas market these days due to shale gas production areas are far away to ...

  • An integrated review and analysis of multi-energy transition from fossil fuels to renewables 

    Authors:Ediger, Volkan S.
    Publisher and Date:(Elsevier Science Bv, 2019)
    We are in the midst of a transition from a fossil fuel-dominated energy regime to a more sustainable lower-carbon one in which natural gas is a bridge fuel. Since the 1970s oil crises, however, the forecasts for gas and coal have changed three times. Gas is currently achieving a major position in the world's energy mix but under challenging geopolitical forces; for this reason, different countries will follow different paths for adopting gas. This article uses a ternary diagram to shows that the ...

  • The international politics of climate change: Bargainingand negotiation processes from Kyoto to Paris 

    Authors:Eken, Melike
    Publisher and Date:(Kadir Has University, 2019)
    Climate change is actually a natural phenomenon that occurs throughout history. In time, the climate can change do warmer or cooler in specific periods. But essentially with the industrial revolution, the human-induced activities trigger the climate change and the global temperature increase than the normal course of business. So, the fossil fuels which are used in vast scale among other energy sources cause to raise carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions to the atmosphere. The high degree of CO2 emissions ...

  • Introduction: Energy economics finance and geostrategy 

    Since countries’ economic independence is based on energy security decisions on energy economy and financing are assessed mainly by geostrategic considerations. Economically optimal decisions are not enough regarding geostrategy. This situation makes it difficult to make decisions in energy markets and it creates considerable controversy. The role of financial markets is to measure the risk of this complex structure or energy projects and price them in financial basis. Understanding behavior of ...

  • Levant’ta büyük oyun: Doğu Akdeniz’in enerji jeopolitiği 

    Levant Bölgesi’ndeki ticaret sisteminden başlayarak bölgenin hidrokarbon jeopolitiğine geçiş sürecine kadar uzanan tarihsel gelişimin uzun erimli (longue dureé) bakış açısıyla incelendiği bu çalışmada, bölgenin günümüzdeki durumu, petrol ve doğal gazın arama, üretim ve ihracı konusunda özellikle 2000’li yıllardan bu yana yaşanan gelişmelerle değerlendirilmiştir. Bölgenin hidrokarbon jeopolitiğindeki çatışma ve iş birliğinin sabit ve değişen boyutlarına, uluslararası ilişkilerin güç politikaları ...

  • Lignite resources of Turkey: Geology reserves and exploration history 

    This article aims to emphasize the importance of lignite which is the mostly used domestic energy source in the Turkish energy mix by briefly overviewing its geology reserves and exploration. Lignites are distributed in mostly continental sedimentary basins of Tertiary age all over the country. The lignite-bearing basins display the characteristics of different geological settings of which grabens and half-grabens are the most common ones especially in western Anatolia. The geological and chemical ...


    Authors:Ediger, Volkan S.; Durmaz, Duygu
    Publisher and Date:(Turkish Policy Quarterly, 2016)
    The Caspian Basin has been one of the most important geopolitical scenes since the dissolution of the Soviet Union. The historical development of the basin in the last decade and a half provides us with some important clues about the dynamics of the new energy geopolitics. This article aims to examine geopolitical events that have occurred in connection with the hydrocarbon riches of the basin from a historical perspective. The focus of the article is mainly on the energy upstream and midstream ...

  • Perception, petroleum, and power: Mythmaking in oil-scarce Turkey and Jordan 

    Authors:Ediger, Volkan S.; Selen, Eser; Bowlus, John V.
    Publisher and Date:(Elsevier, 2020)
    Oil has been a cardinal driver of economic growth and national development in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. States that produce oil in globally exportable quantities tend to be more powerful than those that do not. Oil-scarce states in the Middle East that neighbor oil-rich states and rely on them for imports create myths to explain their relatively unfortunate geology. This study illustrates and analyzes the myths that people in Turkey and Jordan have created to explain why they lack ...

  • Renewable energy in Turkey: A cleaner, self- sufficient alternative to coal 

    Authors:Karagöz, Gözde Nur
    Publisher and Date:(Kadir Has University, 2019)
    The world is in the midst of a transformative energy transition, moving to renewable energy sources from fossil fuels. The biggest reasons for this transition are global climate change and resource scarcity, both of which are caused by the use of fossil fuels. Among fossil fuels, coal has the highest emissions and causes more significant damage to people and the environment. Despite its negative effects, coal has a large share of the world's energy mix. However, many countries are moving away from ...