Conditional Power and Rate Adaptation for MQAM/OFDM Systems Under CFO With Perfect and Imperfect Channel Estimation Errors
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In this paper a new conditional power and rate adaptation scheme for orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) systems is proposed in the presence of carrier frequency offset (CFO) with perfect and imperfect channel state information (CSI). The conventional adaptive scheme is shown to be a special case of the conditionally adaptive scheme technique that enables the resulting nonconvex optimization problem which is solved in a feasible way. It leads to a solution for optimal power adaptation that maximizes the spectral efficiency of an OFDM system using M-ary quadrature amplitude modulation (MQAM) under average power and instantaneous bit error rate (BER) constraints. Closed-form expressions for the average spectral efficiency (ASE) of adaptive OFDM systems are derived for perfect and imperfect CSI cases. The theoretical results and computer simulations show that range of the conditional adaptation becomes narrow and the performance of constant power and continuous rate is very close to that of the conditionally adaptive power and continuous rate for higher CFO or high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) values.