IEEE 802.15.4a Based Ultra Wideband Systems for Coexistence with Primary Users
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Peaceful coexistence is a major implementation issue for both cognitive radios and ultra wideband (UWB) systems. Accordingly the UWB impulse radio (UWB-IR) based Wireless Personal Area Network (WPAN) standard IEEE 802.15.4a has suggested using linear combination of pulses to limit interference to coexisting primary systems. In this paper motivated by implementing the IEEE 802.15.4a based UWB-IR systems for peaceful coexistence we consider the implementation of linear combination of pulses as suggested by the standard. Accordingly we (I) design linearly combined pulses that conform to the standard requirements and (ii) study the UWB-IR system performance in the presence of orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) based wideband primary systems with various bandwidths and subcarriers. The study shows that the UWB-IR system performance can be significantly improved by selecting suitable pulses for transmission and employing appropriate filtering techniques at the receiver when the primary system is active. The results are important for the practical implementation of IEEE 802.15.4a based UWB systems coexisting with licensed systems.