Prevention of complications in laparoscopic hysterectomy: Experience with 1120 cases performed by a single surgeon
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to describe a safe technique without any ureteral DESIGN: Prospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-3). SETTING: Centre Hospitalier Interregional Edith Cavell Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Endoscopic Laser Surgery Center Bruxelles Belgium, and Kadir Has University Metropolitan Florence Nightingale Hospital Istanbul Turkey. PATIENTS: One thousand one hundred twenty women with benign diseases. INTERVENTIONS: Laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH) or laparoscopic hysterectomy (LH). MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Between 1992 and 2004 in 1120 women with benign diseases consecutive LAVH or LH was planned. During laparoscopic hysterectomy at all stages bipolar forceps was used for hemostasis and a CO2 laser was used for vaporization and excision. The total operating time was 35 to 180 minutes with a median of 52 minutes (range 35-163) for LAVH (n = 542) and 55 minutes (range 42-180) for LH (n = 552). Operations were successfully completed laparoscopically in 98.8% of the patients. The mean hospital stay was 2 days. The overall major complication rate was 1%. No ureteral bladder or major vascular injury occurred. CONCLUSION: The technique we used in our study is safe and effective in the prevention of ureteral vesical and vascular injuries during LAVH and LH, moreover the use of bipolar coagulation and a CO2 laser in endoscopic surgery results in a shorter duration of operation. This technique provides all the advantages of both laparoscopic and vaginal surgery. (C) 2007 AAGL. All rights reserved.