The Relationship Between Attachment to God Prosociality and Image of God
Although religiosity fosters some antisocial behaviors (e.g. support for suicide attacks) it is well-known that it also enhances in-group cooperation and prosociality (e.g. donating to charity). Supernatural punishment hypothesis suggests that the fear of punishment from an invisible potent and powerful supernatural agent can keep everyone in line and encourage prosociality. We first investigated this relationship in a predominantly Muslim country and then tested a model suggesting that attachment to God can lead people to think God as authoritarian which in turn leads them to report more prosocial intentions. The results demonstrate that (1) there are some findings suggesting that Attachment to God Inventory is a reliable measure in Turkey (2) seeing God as authoritarian is positively correlated with prosociality and (3) our abovementioned model was supported by the data. Results generally support the supernatural punishment hypothesis and additionally show the utility of attachment theory in explaining the religiosity-prosociality link.
SourceArchive for the Psychology of Religion
KeywordsAttachment to God
Supernatural punishment hypothesis
Fear of punishment