Partial Power and Rate Adaptation for MQAM/OFDM Systems under CFO
In this paper a new partial power and rate adaptation scheme for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems is proposed in the presence of carrier frequency offset (CFO). The conventional adaptive scheme is shown to be a special case of the partially adaptive scheme technique which enables the resulting non-convex optimization problem solved in a feasible way. It leads to a solution for optimal power adaptation that maximizes the spectral efficiency of an OFDM system using M-ary quadrature amplitude modulation (MQAM) under average power and instantaneous BER constraints. Closed-form expressions for the average spectral efficiency (ASE) of adaptive OFDM systems are derived. The theoretical results and computer simulations show that the range of the partial adaptation becomes narrow and the performance of constant power and continuous rate is very close to that of the partially adaptive power and continuous rate for higher CFO or high signal noise ratio (SNR) values.