High-pass/low-pass section design for 0 degrees-360 degrees lumped-element phase shifters via the real frequency technique
In this paper an algorithm based on the real frequency technique (RFT) is proposed to design high-pass and low-pass sections of a 0 degrees-360 degrees wide range lumped-element phase shifter. The switching process however is not considered in this work. In the algorithm it is enough to define the section type (high-pass or low-pass) and the number of elements in the sections there is no need to select the exact circuit topologies for the high-pass and low-pass sections. This is a natural consequence of the proposed approach. Unlike in the methods described in the literature there is also no need to derive element value expressions. Two examples are given to illustrate the utilization of the proposed algorithm. The proposed algorithm and results are verified by simulation.
Real frequency technique