Electrical activity regulates AChR gene expression via JNK PKC zeta and Sp1 in skeletal chick muscle
Electrical activity of myotubes represses nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) gene expression. This effect is mimicked by okadaic acid and blocked by tetrodotoxin (TTX) or staurosporine in cultured myocytes [Altiok et al. EMBO J. 16 (1997) 717-725]. In this study we investigated the mechanism of this repression. We show that addition of exogenous phospholipase D (PLD) and C inhibits AChR expression in a manner which parallels that of okadaic acid. Furthermore okadaic acid caused an increase of the threonine phosphorylation of protein kinase C zeta (PKC zeta) and activator of transcription factor (ATF2) and a decrease of the phosphorylation of Sp1. All these effects were reversed by staurosporine and TTX also abolished ATF2 phosphorylation. These data reveal a possible involvement of PLD c-jun N-terminal kinase PKC zeta and Sp1 in the repression of AChR genes by electrical activity. (C) 2001 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.